In this second installment of our series focusing on the risks posed by artificial intelligence (AI) and the legislative initiatives in the US to address them, we will be examining the proposed AI Bill of Rights.
The transformative impact of AI on our world is evident, from self-driving cars to facial recognition software. As AI technology gains potency, we must consider its potential implications for human rights.
In response, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) has released a Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights (The Blueprint). The Blueprint outlines five essential principles for the creation and application of AI systems:
- Safety: AI systems should prioritize safety and efficacy. Their usage should not jeopardize individuals or property. This includes implementing measures to counter potential risks like bias, discrimination, and privacy breaches.
- Fairness: AI systems should abstain from discriminating against individuals or groups. Their design should foster fairness and equity, and they should undergo routine audits to ensure they are not utilized discriminatorily.
- Transparency: AI systems should uphold transparency and accountability. Individuals should receive notifications when interacting with an AI system, including information on the system’s purpose, data collection and usage methods, and ways individuals can manage their data.
- Privacy: AI systems must respect individuals’ privacy. They should not gather or use personal or other data without users’ approval. Additionally, individuals should be allowed to access, rectify, and delete their personal data, and to opt out of data collection and usage for specific purposes.
- Human alternatives: AI systems should not supersede human judgment and decision-making. AI should supplement human decision-making processes and should not be deployed to make impactful decisions on individuals or groups without human supervision.
Beyond the five core principles highlighted in the Blueprint, numerous other concerns should be addressed when creating an AI Bill of Rights. These issues include:
- Accountability: Who will answer for the actions of AI systems? Mechanisms should be in place to hold those involved in the creation and application of AI systems liable for any harm caused. This necessitates clear regulations and robust enforcement mechanisms.
- Bias: How can we guarantee that AI systems do not discriminate against certain individuals or groups?
- Employment: How will AI influence the employment landscape?
- Security: How can we safeguard AI systems from hacking or malicious use?
The enactment of these principles will ensure AI systems are used in a manner that respects human rights. It’s critical to keep the conversation going, developing policies and regulations that shield people from potential AI harm.
The formulation of an AI Bill of Rights is a crucial stride towards ensuring that AI benefits all of humanity. The Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights is a vital tool for policymakers, businesses, and individuals keen on promoting fair, ethical, and beneficial AI use. The principles outlined in the Blueprint form the basis for the creation and implementation of AI systems that uphold human rights and values.
By Luka Duric, Associate, Gecic Law