On 20 April, the European Parliament endorsed two regulations which will fundamentally change the crypto-asset market landscape in the EU and potentially beyond: the Regulation for Markets in Crypto-assets (MiCA) and the recast version of the Transfer of Funds Regulation (TFR recast). As a forerunner in regulating crypto business, Estonia has had local crypto laws in place since 2017, however, MiCA and TFR recast will be directly applicable in the EU and will replace the respective local legislation.
Measures Taken in The Field of Labor and Social Security Within the Scope of The State of Emergency
Following the 7.8. and 7.5. magnitude earthquakes occurred in Kahramanmaraş on 06.02.2023, the Presidential Decree on the declaration of the State of Emergency for 3 months in the cities affected by the earthquakes was adopted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 09.02.2023 and was published in the Official Gazette No. 32100 dated 10.02.2023. A number of measures concerning work and social security field were also envisaged in the scope of the State of Emergency.
Romania: Important Developments in Public Procurement Legislation
The Romanian public and sectoral procurement legislation has recently undergone several important changes aimed at clarifying certain provisions that used to be open to interpretation and/or have given rise to disputes in practice.
The Digital Markets Act Goes Live
Regulation (EU) 2022/1925, The Digital Markets Act, is set to apply from 2 May 2023
Addressing digital developments and concerns regarding contestability and fairness in the digital economy, the Digital Markets Act – an ex-ante regulatory system – entered into force on 1 November 2022 and will apply from 2 May 2023. Designed to complement competition law, the Digital Markets Act lays down prohibitions and obligations for designated gatekeepers that provide a range of “core platform services” and gives the European Commission broad investigative and enforcement powers. Generally speaking, the Digital Markets Act aims to prevent unfair practices by gatekeepers.
Tax Changes Pursued by the New Government
Following the general election, the new coalition government has committed to balancing the state budget and consequently revealed many intended taxation changes. While these ideas are not yet set in stone, here are the key changes that could be expected based on what has been communicated.
Annulation of the Municipality Decree Provisions on Air Passenger Tax by the Curia
On 28 March 2023, the Curia established that certain provisions of the municipality decree of the 18th District of Budapest on local taxes are contrary to other legislation, and therefore annulled the provisions on air passenger tax with retroactive effect to 1 January 2023.
Two New Recent Normative Acts Impacting the Activity of Employers in Romania
April 2023 – Early 2023 is shedding light on how to implement the numerous changes to Romanian labour law that occurred during 2022. In addition, at the EU level, a new directive which is set to come into force provides for equal pay for women and men.
Harassed at Work? Now It's All Coming Out
Under a law passed by Parliament yesterday, all companies with more than 50 employees will be obliged to have a whistleblowing system in place from December. Employers with 250 employees cannot wait any longer, as they will have 60 days to implement the system. The question is, of course, whether companies will see the regulation as another unnecessary administrative burden or whether it will trigger an avalanche of internal investigations.
Romania: Tax Exemptions for Digital Nomads
Following the legislative changes introduced at the beginning of 2022 concerning the long-term visa for digital nomads, the Romanian tax authorities have published Law no. 69/2023 in the Official Gazette no. 265 of 30 March 2023.
Yet Another Investigation Initiated by the Serbian Competition Commission
On 24 March 2023, the Commission for the Protection of the Competition (“Commission”) initiated an investigation against the Hotelsko, Ugostiteljsko i Turisticko preduzece Moskva doo (“Moskva”) for possible gun-jumping.
Romania: The Double-Edged Sword of ChatGPT in the Workplace
The business world is evolving at lightning speed, and technology is at the forefront of this change. One of the most significant technological advancements is the use of chatbots such as OpenAI's ChatGPT. Even though using ChatGPT might sound like a good idea and simplify workflows, its widespread use in the workplace can be a double-edged sword, raising concerns about the potential risks and legal issues that employers must take into account to safeguard their business.
Change in the NAIH’s Practice Regarding Copying Employee Files
The Hungarian Data Protection Authority (NAIH) recently issued a new guidance on the making and keeping of copies of employees' qualifications to comply with ISO 9001:2015 quality management standards.
Will Artificial Intelligence Kill Copyright?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is set to change how we perceive intellectual property. With the recent surge of AI, people are discovering that AI can generate works of art. This raises important questions, such as the attribution of authorship for these creations and the protection of intellectual property (IP) rights.
An Overview of Important Legislative Changes in the Czech Republic-II
An overview of important legislative changes in the Czech Republic
MiCar: Final Steps Towards the Legal Framework for Crypto-Assets
On 20 April 2023 the European Parliament ("EP") finally approved the regulation on markets in crypto-assets ("MiCAR"). The approved final text of the MiCAR is yet to be formally endorsed by the Council, but the EP's approval means the biggest legislative hurdle towards the MiCAR entering into force has been cleared. The approval of the MiCAR follows the finalisation of the last details of the text, after a provisional agreement on the final draft compromise was reached during trilogue negotiations in June 2022.
Changes in Submission of Tax Return for Annual Personal Income Tax
As mentioned in one of our previous articles (available here), the application of amendments to the Law on Personal Income Tax, which were published in the Official Gazette of RS no. 138/2022 of 12 December 2022 and which stipulate that the annual personal income tax shall be paid by self-taxation and not on the basis of the decision rendered by the competent tax authority, which was the case so far, commenced on 1 January 2023.
New Whistleblowing Legislation Takes Effect in Hungary
What does the new whistleblowing system entail?
In line with Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law, the Hungarian Parliament adopted a new law on complaints, whistleblowing and rules for reporting breaches, which replaces previous legislation. Below we have summarized the key points of the new rules. This information has been prepared for private sector actors.
Romania: Latest Changes to Vat Exemptions
Law 88/2023, which was published in Official Gazette no. 310 from 12/04/2023, contains important amendments to the Romanian Fiscal Code.