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In May 2019, Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) has published two reasoned decisions, namely Bfit Decision[1] and Minikoli Decision[2], in which it assesses the resale price maintenance (“RPM”) activities of the concerned undertakings. These decisions bear significance since they represent the TCA’s unstable approach towards RPM activities. In the aforementioned cases, the TCA adopted an effect-based analysis, as it generally did in the past. However, the TCA had displayed a deviation from the said approach in its previous two decisions; Sony Decision[3] and Henkel Decision[4] and adopted a by object analysis. Therefore, Bfit and MinikoliDecisions show this unstable approach.

On 21 December 2018, Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) published its decision regarding the investigation conducted against TTNET A.Ş. (“TTNET”), the leading internet service provider in Turkey, which is vertically integrated with the incumbent wholesale broadband access provider, Turk Telekom. The decision comprises of TCA’s assessment as to whether TTNET had abused its dominant position, in violation of article 6 of the Law No. 4054 on Protection of Competition (“Competition Law”), via certain types of bundled sales of fixed broadband internet and pay TV services.

Shortly after its establishment with the Turkish Data Protection Law No. 6698 (“Law”), the Turkish Data Protection Authority (“DPA”) has started to observe the data protection ecosystem of Turkey. In this regard, the DPA has been focusing on the areas, where data protection concerns are perceived more concentratedly. One of the instruments that the DPA has been putting to use is adopting resolutions, where the violation is prevalent.  It is worth to note that “resolutions” are different than “decisions” in nature within the meaning of the Law.

After three years of investigation, on July 18, 2018, The European Commission (“Commission”) issued its decision on the well-known Android case and fined Google LLC (“Google”) an astounding €4.34 billion for abusing its dominant position. The Commission held that “since 2011, Google has imposed illegal restrictions on Android device manufacturers and mobile network operators to cement its dominant position in general internet search”. The fine imposed to Google is the biggest of all times. The decision also opens the door to civil actions under which affected parties may claim compensation for damages incurred due to Google’s abusive conduct.

By publishing its reasoned decision1 on the preliminary inquiry against Duru Bulgur Gida San. ve Tic. A.S. (“DURU”), the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) has added a new one to its decisions which include effect analysis of resale price maintenance (“RPM”) practices.

Parallel to the European Union Regulation No 17: First Regulation implementing Articles 85 and 86 of the Treaty, Article 9 (3) of the Law No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (“Competition Law”) regulates “termination of infringements” as “the Board, prior to taking a decision (…) shall inform in writing the undertaking or associations of undertakings concerned of its opinions concerning how to terminate the infringement”.

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ACTECON is a corporately-governed firm combining competition law, regulatory affairs and international trade remedies. We offer effective strategies from law&economics perspective, ensuring that strategic business objectives, practices, and economic activities comply with competition law, international trade rules and regulations.

ACTECON is uniquely placed to serve industry leaders and multinationals doing business in Turkey. Our clients value our knowledge of competition law, international trade law and regulations. Our grasp at competition investigations, merger clearances, preventive competition compliance programs and trade remedy cases is noteworthy.

At ACTECON, we understand the multijurisdictional processes that corporations require for harmonized compliance efforts and market practices. Clients rely on our advice to understand and assess their options. Our global network of partners supports clients both in domestic deals and multijurisdictional transactions.

ACTECON is recognized for outstanding service and extensive sector-specific knowledge. We have the experience and perspective multinationals require: reporting under different compliance management systems.

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