In Turkey, the authority to initiate dumping or subsidy examinations, upon complaint or, where necessary, ex officio, is given to the Ministry of Economy (“Ministry”). Within the scope of this authority, the Ministry announces its decisions with the communiqués published on the Official Gazette.
This article will address significant amendments and novelties introduced for Turkish capital markets legislation during the first half of 2018 as in line with specific needs and interests of public and private institutions, companies, shareholders and/or investors being subject to such legislation.
Communique Regarding the Amendments ("Amendment Communique") (II-26.1.b) to the Communiqué on Takeover Bids (II-26.1) (“Communique) announced by the Capital Markets Board (“CMB”) has been published in the Official Gazette dated 05.06.2018 numbered 30442 and entered into force at the date of its publication.
The Turkish Competition Board (the “Board”) has recently published its reasoned decision with respect to its ex officio preliminary investigation on (i) the validity of the non-compete obligation in the articles of association (“AoA”) of a joint venture company, namely WKS Istanbul Tekstil Kalite Kontrol Hiz. Ltd. Şti. (“WKS Istanbul”), which is active in quality control of textiles and (ii) the parties’ request for negative clearance of the relevant non-compete obligation.
Turkey carries its position of attraction from the foreign direct investments despite the temporary volatility from time to time. In line with the trends different sectors shine out and consequently different instruments attract investors. Real Estate sustainably carries its prominent investment instrument position due to functions and consistent yields.
Under the Turkish data protection law (“DPL”), data subjects have the right to learn who processes their personal data, the purposes and legal bases of these processing activities, and to whom and for what purposes such personal data are transferred. These rights arise from the data controllers’ obligation to inform data subjects about their processing activities. During the collection of personal data, the data controller or any other person authorized by the data controller is obliged to provide data subjects with certain information, such as the identity of the data controller and of his representative (if any), the purposes of the processing, to whom and with what purpose the processed personal data can be transferred, and the method and legal reason/basis of collection. The same article of the DPL further requires data controllers to provide information to data subjects about certain other rights, as discussed below.
Today, more than 90% of cyber-attacks start with a phishing e-mail and every 40 seconds a company gets hit by a ransomware. Therefore, it is crucial to be well-educated regarding suspicious e-mails. Following warnings and tips of course indicate only an introduction to the safety measures that could be taken to avoid suspicious emails or spotting them at once.
Each day, cyber security becomes more and more important than physical security and it is the hottest topic all over the world nowadays. Despite the developing awareness, cyber-attacks increased significantly and more importantly most of them succeed to give colossal damages. So, what shall we do legally or is there anything we could do once we are under attack?