In the last ten years, e-commerce has become the most important platform of today’s consumer habits, becoming a major competitor to both retailers and their suppliers. As a result, many giant retailers are now directing their investments towards e-commerce activities.
Preventing the division of agricultural lands is important in preserving quality in the sector and ensuring the continued contribution of agriculture-related income to the domestic economy. As a result, every positive step taken in the agriculture sector creates a similarly positive movement in the economy. Among the most important steps taken in this regard in Turkey were the 2014 amendments to the Law on Soil Protection and Land Use No. 5403, including to the definitions of “minimum agricultural land size” and “agricultural land size of sufficient income,” affecting the division of inherited agricultural land and transfers of ownership of agricultural lands with designated sizes.
In accordance with Turkish Law, employee’s employment security rights are secured with reemployment lawsuit. At cases where labor contract of employee terminated unlawfully, employee can request his/her reemployment (compensation in case of not being accepted to job) and fee for the period he/she was not able to work due to unlawful termination. But even though court rules for reemployment, employee must act in accordance with time periods and conditions regulated at law. Otherwise, employee might not benefit from the earned rights even though the verdict of court regarding reemployment lawsuit is in favor of the employee. In this context, regulation regarding employee to make an application to the employer within 10 days after service of finalized court verdict of verdict to him/her; directly effects employee’s rights and it has been seen that this regulation is interpreted differently by different chambers of Supreme Courts.
Translation works, which were created by transferring the intellectual artwork created in one language into another one, are preserved and considered as a work in today’s laws. This is undoubtedly due to the fact that translation works are results of intensive work and labor. Although translators are working on the basis of the original work, they are adapting the original work to another language by transferring information from their previous experiences. In this regard, it is an undeniable fact that translations should be evaluated as a separate work independently from the original work.
Pursuant to the Turkish Data Protection Law which aims to provide data security, it has set some rights and obligations to specific subjects. Those subjects fall into three categories: data subject, data processor and data controller. Data subject expresses a real person whose data is processed; data controller is defined as the real or legal person that determines the objectives and tools of processing of the personal data, and is responsible for the establishment and management of a data recording system; data processor is defined as the real or legal entity that processes the personal data, with the authority bestowed by the data controller, and in the name of the data controller. Data Protection Law sets forth essential responsibilities for data controllers, as follows:
Protection of intellectual property rights and preventing infringements arisen against them has gained importance at the global world in recent years and both domestic and multinational companies’ awareness rate is increasing continuously regarding this matter. But this results in an increase at court workload especially regarding IP related disputes causing slowdown at legal system in countries which has a developing industry like Turkey.